How to create a monthly budget in 5 easy steps

Oluwatosin Jegede

Budgeting: it’s rarely anyone’s favorite activity. Yet, its significance in planning for expenses and shedding light on spending habits is undeniable.

By scrutinizing where our money goes, we can actively prevent overspending and make informed financial choices. Today’s era, characterized by soaring inflation rates, has heightened the pressure on many to manage monthly expenses while simultaneously setting aside savings.

Although a budget alone can’t combat inflation, it surely alleviates the stress of meeting forthcoming expenses. Whether you’re crafting your first budget or refining an existing one, the following guide offers invaluable tips to steer you in the right direction.

What is a monthly budget?

A monthly budget is a financial blueprint for each month. Given that several expenses, such as rent, utilities, and loan repayments, recur monthly, this approach is widely adopted. The essence of a monthly budget is simple: aim to spend less than what you earn. Spending beyond one’s monthly earnings means dipping into savings or accumulating debt.

The primary objective of a budget is foresight – to anticipate and prepare for expenses rather than being caught off guard. Furthermore, a well-structured budget cultivates financial mindfulness. It empowers you to allocate resources to what truly matters while curtailing expenditure on less essential items.

How to make a monthly budget in 5 steps

Here are the steps to follow to create a monthly budget effectively:

1. Determine your monthly income

Start your budgeting journey by pinpointing your monthly earnings. This serves as the foundation dictating your monthly expenditure and savings. Focus primarily on regular income streams, like your salary. Avoid counting sporadic income, like profits from selling unused items. Always base your calculations on your net income—what remains post taxes and other mandatory deductions.

2. Track your spending

Dedicate a couple of months to closely monitor your spending habits. Various apps can link to your bank account, simplifying this task, or go old-school: retain receipts and tally expenses manually. This exercise often unveils surprising insights into your spending behaviors, paving the way for the subsequent steps.

3. Think about your financial priorities

After meticulously tracking your expenses, the next pivotal step is reflecting on your financial objectives and determining if your current spending aligns with them. While unavoidable expenditures like rent, utilities, and groceries are a given, unchecked spending can result in excessive outlays on non-essentials. It might astonish you to discover that you’ve been overspending on, say, frequent takeouts or underutilized subscriptions.

Budgeting isn’t about a stringent denial of pleasures. Instead, it’s about thoughtful allocation. This reflection period will offer insights into areas where you can rechannel funds to align better with your aspirations, whether that’s increasing savings or investing in more meaningful experiences.

4. Design your monthly budget

Crafting a budget commences with itemizing all spending categories. A wise initial step: prioritize savings. Heed Warren Buffett’s expert advice: “Do not save what is left after spending, but spend what is left after saving.” By doing so, you place future financial health at the forefront.

After considering your financial priorities and current spending, mold your budget, either using past spending as a guide or starting afresh if you’re targeting a financial overhaul. A widely accepted approach is the 50/30/20 rule: 50% of your income for necessities, 30% for personal indulgences, and 20% dedicated to savings. However, the ultimate allocation decision lies with you.

Remember, budgeting isn’t one-size-fits-all. The cardinal rule: consistently spend less than your earnings. Aim to save as much as feasible—even if it’s not a full 20% of your income. Cultivating the savings habit lays the groundwork for a financially stable future.

5. Track your spending and refine your monthly budget as needed

A budget isn’t a rigid decree. It’s a dynamic blueprint, continually evolving with your life and priorities. After crafting your budget, it’s imperative to remain vigilant, monitoring spending and striving to align with your planned allocations.

Life is in flux. Priorities shift, and financial landscapes can alter—maybe it’s a new loan obligation, or perhaps a welcomed salary increment brings added financial leeway. It’s prudent to revisit your budget semi-annually or, at a minimum, annually.

Assess your adherence, recalibrating to accommodate any adjustments in your expenditures or income. Remember, a budget’s purpose is to be an adaptable tool, facilitating financial agility and soundness.

The main budgeting resources

Budgeting can be a complex thing to do, but with the right resources, the journey becomes more manageable. Here are a few tools and avenues to simplify and enhance your budgeting process:

  1. Budget Apps: Automated tools like Mint and EveryDollar can greatly streamline budget management. Not only do they track spending patterns and savings goals, but they can also pinpoint potential savings areas;
  2. Savings Accounts: An essential component of any budget is the savings allocation. When scouting for a savings account, zero in on the interest rate and potential monthly fees. Ensure that the account’s minimum balance prerequisites don’t impose undue financial strain;
  3. Checking Accounts: Your day-to-day financial activities typically flow through your checking account. By regularly reviewing its transaction history, you can keep tabs on your expenditure. Some banks even offer enticing bonuses for new account openings;
  4. Budget Calculator: Tools like the Bankrate home budget calculator can be instrumental. It not only computes your net income post expenses but also offers insights on budget refinement;
  5. Microsoft Office Template: For those with a penchant for hands-on budgeting, Microsoft Office’s budget template is a blessing. Free with Microsoft 365, it lays out spending categories meticulously, awaiting your input.

Harness these resources to bolster your budgeting endeavors, ensuring a comprehensive and efficient approach to financial planning.

Ensure outflows don’t surpass your income

In an era of rising costs, knowing where every dollar goes becomes paramount. Budgeting stands as not just a tool but a necessity, enabling clearer financial insights, responsible spending, and fostering a savings mindset.

Begin your budgeting journey by closely monitoring a month’s expenditure. Discern between essential and discretionary expenses, pinpointing potential savings areas.

The aim is to ensure outflows don’t surpass your income. To sidestep tedious manual work, lean on budgeting apps or calculators for efficient budget crafting. In essence, harness budgeting to navigate financial waters with clarity and control.

Read also: This is the best way to invest money according to experts

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