The Ease of Doing Business (EDB) Index: what you need to know

Unlocking global market potential hinges on understanding the Ease of Doing Business (EDB) Index. Navigate regulatory landscapes, streamline processes, and grasp key indicators for optimal business performance and growth.
ease of doing business

EDB- The Ease of Doing Business Index is a significant tool in analysing numerous countries’ governmental environments. The primary purpose behind inventing EDB is to establish a greater understanding of the implementation of regulations and draw rational conclusions to the same. It helps in manifesting the ways of grasping property rights effectively. 

Three prime economists at the World Bank Group invented the Ease of Doing Business. This index ranks the countries using numerical values. Starting from 1 to 190, various factors come into play while ranking the countries. The index is marked by classifying the total scores on top different topics. Let’s understand the ins and outs of the Ease of Doing Business Index.

What is the Ease of Doing Business?

To put it simply, the Ease of Doing Business is an index that showcases how easy or difficult it is for people to commence a business, operate and nurture it in a given geographical area or a country. Many factors like administrative, governmental and accessibility come into play while determining the ranking of the countries.  

Here, in this particular index, the “higher rankings” i.e. decreased numerical values, indicate better prospects where the regulations and administrative factors are easy to deal with. In addition to that, the property rights are better protected. There are others which also influence the ranking, like permits, procuring electricity, property registration, obtaining credit, rights protection, tax polices, contracts etc. 

Several countries have utilised the Ease of Doing Business Index to determine upcoming market trends and influence developing countries’ administrative and regulatory policies. Presently, New Zealand stands tall at the number 1 position in the EDB index. 

Read more: How a mixed economy affects businesses and consumers? The advantages and disadvantages

Importance of the EDB Index

The countries ranked higher in the EDB index go through greater economic growth. EDB contributes to making the business understand where it can thrive and get investors to invest, expand and dominate the employment sector and, in turn, the economy. Here is an interesting fact, Investors often take help from the EDB index to decide where to invest. Any geographical area where a business can thrive openly is an attractive prospect for Foreign Direct Investment. 

Another importance of the EDB is the way it paves the way for job creation. When companies can function without external regulations and procedures limiting their growth, they become more open to recruitment and expansion. The main objective of the EDB index is to provide a yardstick for measuring the overall government performance. Governments can utilise this index to assess the areas in which they can improve and thrive. 

Countries which are ranked higher usually enjoy healthy competition from other countries. This fierce yet friendly competition can result in higher exports and solidify their presence in world markets. When a business operation is permitted to move independently, the quality of life is increased as well. The citizens can witness a surge in employment opportunities, which aids in keeping the economy stable, creating tax income which can be utilised for welfare and development. 

How is the EDB calculated?

The EDB index is calculated by collecting information from numerous sources in addition to companies, governments and experts. After analyzing these streams of data, we assign a score between 1 and 190 to a country. 1st position means the highest score, 190 is the lowest and 0 is the worst. 

The EDB index constitutes all the measures a country has taken to solve problems in the legal system, development and infrastructure. Macroeconomic factors like GDP per capita are closely associated with calculating the EDB index. 

The World Bank publishes an annual report called “Doing Business,” providing comprehensive information on the business environment of every country, including regulatory and legal aspects, along with rankings. Leading businesses, economists, investors, and policymakers worldwide often refer to and utilize this report.

Key indicators

Many indexes contribute to the Ease of Doing Business. These indicators analyse the business situations in any country. 

  1. Starting a business: In its totality, this particular analyses exactly how easy it is to start a new business in a nation. Factors like cost, time and process come into play here;
  2. Resolving insolvency: Businesses that operate in any given country contain solvency requirements. This index analyses the effectiveness of the insolvency process;
  3. Procuring credit: This indicator dwells into the ins and outs of how easy it is to get credit for the business. It takes some factors like the amount of legal rights available and information regarding credit into consideration;
  4. Obtaining electricity: If a business can procure an electric grid for its operations. This factor is important as it considers the cost, time and process to get the electricity. 

Future outlook

The EDB index future looks promising as it involves advancing digital transformations, highlighting sustainability and ESG yardsticks. In addition, it plays a significant role in propagating government transparency analysing the business ecosystems and market changes.

To conclude, the EDB index does play a vital role in the economy, as it guides investors on where to put their money. 

Read more: Is it convenient to start a business in Dubai? The attractive scenario for foreign entrepreneurs

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