Nobel Prize, the ceremonies in Stockholm and Oslo take place after two years: the winners of 2022

Elizabeth Smith

The ceremony in Stockholm brought together this year’s Nobel Laureates as well as those of 2020 and 2021. The Nobel ceremony took place on December 10, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death. On the same day, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded in the Norwegian capital, Oslo.

The prizes for Economy, Literature, Physics, Chemistry and Medicine are presented in Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, in line with Nobel’s wishes.

The winners receive a medal, a diploma and a cash prize of approximately SEK 10 million.

The Nobel Prize ceremony is back in Stockholm after two years

A roll of drums and the Swedish national anthem greeted the entrance of the Swedish royals, and so the spectacular award ceremony was back in Stockholm. The first since the start of the pandemic after a two-year stop, while at the same time the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony began in Oslo.

Never before had so many prize-winners gathered in the Blue Hall of the beautiful Concert Hall in Stockholm. This is because this year’s Nobel ceremony brought together the 2022 Nobel laureates together with those of 2021 and 2020.

For over one hundred years, the Swedish Academy has been awarding Nobel Prizes to the brightest minds in scientific research and to those most committed to building global peace. Here are all the winners of 2022.

Nobel Prize in Economics

Three scholars who distinguished themselves for their studies on financial crises won this years Nobel Prize in economics: Ben Bernanke, Douglas Diamond and Philip Dybvig. The latter are the authors of the DD model, named after them.

Literature

The Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Annie Ernaux. She is the first French woman to receive the award.

Chemistry

The scientists Carolyn R. Bertozzi, Morten Meldal and K. Barry Sharpless (already Nobel Prize winner in 2001) won the 2022 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Their research led to the development of click chemistry. This is an innovation that has been described by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences as “an ingenious tool for building molecules”.

Physics

The Prize awarded to physicists Alain Aspect, John Clauser and Anton Zeilinger honours decades of experimental and theoretical research. Their research have shed light on some of the most fascinating aspects of quantum theory. These concepts are used for large-scale applications in the field of so-called quantum technologies.

Medicine

The Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine to biologist Svante Pääbo. Thanks to his research, Pääbo managed to reconstruct the genome of Neanderthal man, a distant relative of our species. This confirms that some of his genes are also present in the present human species.

The Nobel Peace Prize ceremony in Oslo

As usual, the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony took place at Oslo City Hall, in the presence of the Norwegian royal family.

The Nobel Committee awarded the prize to Ales Bialiatski, a Belarusian dissident currently in prison, the Ukrainian NGO Ccl – Center for Civil Liberties – and the Russian organisation Memorial.

The motivation is that they “have made an exceptional effort to document war crimes, human rights violations and abuse of power,” said Berit Reiss-Andersen, head of the Nobel Committee. “Together they demonstrate the importance of civil society for peace and democracy.”

Read also: Ukraine war, Zelensky: “We will resist. Moscow uses winter as a weapon”

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