The Nobel Prizes ceremonies take place annually on December 10, the day Alfred Nobel died in 1896. In Stockholm, inside the Stockholm Concert House, the Konserthuset, that of Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature and Economics were presented. In addition to the Swedish royal family, all those who chose the winners and various distinguished guests were present at the ceremony. The other award ceremony, for the Nobel Peace Prize 2023, took place instead in Oslo.
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The Nobel Prize for Physics
Pierre Agostini, Ferenc Krausz, and Anne L’Huillier received the Nobel Prize in Physics from the hands of the Swedish king. The three scientists won the Nobel Prize for their studies of laser pulses that last attoseconds.
Agostini, of French descent, works in the United States at Ohio State University. Ferenc Krausz of Hungary heads the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics in Germany. Anne L’Huillier, also of French descent, works at the Swedish University of Lund.
The Nobel 2023 for Chemistry
Moungi Bawendi, Louis E. Brus and Aleksej Ekimov have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry by the monarch. The three scientists work in the U.S.: Bawendi at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Brus at Columbia University, and Ekimov at Nanocrystals Technology.
The award went to them for their work on nanotechnology has enabled them to arrive at quantum dots, the quantum dots, considered the basis for many technologies.
The Nobel Prize 2023 for Medicine
Hungarian biochemist Katalin Karikò and U.S. immunologist Drew Weissman received the Nobel Prize in Medicine. They won the Nobel for laying the groundwork for the messenger mRna vaccines that made Covid-19 vaccines possible.
Their discoveries helped develop, “with unprecedented speed a vaccine directed against one of the greatest threats to human health in modern times”.
The Nobel Prize Winner for Literature
Norwegian author Jon Fosse won the 2023 Nobel Prize in Literature, an honor he received “for his groundbreaking plays and prose that give voice to the unspeakable.” Born in Haugesund in 1959, he made his writing debut in 1983 with the novel Raudt, svart (Red, Black), later experimenting with short fiction, poetry, nonfiction, and children’s literature.
The Nobel in Economics
U.S. economist Claudia Goldin won the Nobel Prize in Economics 2023. Professor of Economics at Harvard University, class of 1946, she was awarded for her studies on the gender gap. “For advancing our understanding of women’s labor market outcomes,” reads the motivation from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Narges Mohammadi’s family in Oslo
A few hours ago, however, in Oslo, the royals of Norway received the family members of Narges Mohammadi, the 2023 Nobel Peace Prize winner before the award ceremony.
The Iranian human rights activist is currently in prison. Therefore, she was represented by her children Ali and Kiana Rahmani, husband Taghi Rahmani, and brother Hamidreza.
At Oslo City Hall, the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony took place with an empty chair on the stage. Her twin children, 17-year-old Kiana and Ali, collected the award for her and read the thank-you speech written by their mother.