European election results 2024: how is the EU Parliament divided

The European Elections of 2024 have closed, bringing significant changes to the political landscape both in Italy and across Europe.
european elections 2024 how is the parliament divided

The European Elections of 2024 have closed, bringing significant changes to the political landscape both in Italy and across Europe.

European elections 2024: the Right advances in Europe

Across Europe, the right and far-right have made notable gains. In Germany, Alternative for Germany (AfD) surpassed Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s Socialist Party.

In Austria, the leading party is now the far-right. Italy elected 76 MEPs out of a total of 720 and also voted in local elections in 3,700 municipalities, including Florence, Bergamo, and Bari, and in regional elections in Piedmont.

The right and far-right’s advance has caused political upheaval in several countries. In France, the success of the National Rally led Macron to dissolve the National Assembly.

In Belgium, Prime Minister Alexander De Croo resigned following a disappointing result for his party. Some significant results in various countries include:

  • Austria: FPÖ is the leading party with 27%
  • Belgium: Vlaams Belang gains the majority with 13%
  • France: National Rally achieves 31.5%
  • Germany: CDU achieves 30.2% and AfD 15%
  • Spain: The People’s Party surpasses the Socialists with 34.18%

These results indicate a new political alignment in Europe, with the right and far-right strengthening in many countries.

Composition of the European Parliament: the projections

According to preliminary projections, the European Parliament will be divided as follows:

  • European People’s Party: 184 seats (+8)
  • Socialists and Democrats: 139 seats (stable)
  • Liberals – Renew: 80 seats (-22)
  • European Conservatives: 73 seats (+4)
  • Identity and Democracy: 58 seats (+9)
  • Greens: 52 seats (-19)
  • Left: 36 seats (-1)
  • Non-affiliated: 45 seats (-17)
  • Others: 53 seats

How the European Parliament will be divided

Here is a detailed breakdown of the composition of the European Parliament after the June 2024 elections:

Austria

Austria has 20 seats. According to exit polls, the Identity and Democracy group secured 5 seats, the European People’s Party 5, Renew 2, the Greens 2, and the Socialists and Democrats 5. The leading party is FPÖ, Freedom for Austria, with 27%.

Belgium

The nationalist party Vlaams Belang gained the majority with 13%. The 22 seats are divided as follows: 4 each to the Socialists, People’s Party, and Liberals, 3 to Conservatives and Sovereignists, 2 to Greens and the Left.

Bulgaria

The leading party is the center-right alliance GERB-SDS with 26%. Bulgaria allocates 6 seats to the European People’s Party, 5 to the Liberals, 2 to the Socialists and Democrats, and 4 to parties not yet affiliated with EU groups.

Czech Republic

The populists of ANO 2011 won with 26.14%. Of the 21 seats, the Liberals receive 7, 5 to the People’s Party, 3 to the Conservatives, 1 each to Greens, Left, and Identity, and 3 to parties not yet affiliated with EU groups.

Cyprus

Cyprus has 6 seats. According to exit polls, the European People’s Party has 2 seats, the Socialists and Democrats 1, the Left 1, while 2 seats went to parties not yet affiliated with EU groups. The leading party is the conservative Democratic Rally.

Croatia

With 33%, the Croatian Democratic Union, a center-right party, is the leading force. It takes 6 of Croatia’s 12 seats, with 4 going to the Democrats, 1 to the Greens, and 1 to parties not yet affiliated with EU groups.

Denmark

The leading party is the center-left Socialist People’s Party with 18.4%. Denmark has 15 seats: 4 to the Liberals, 3 to the Greens and Democrats, 2 to the People’s Party, 1 to the Left, 1 to Identity and Democracy, and 1 to parties not yet affiliated with EU groups.

Estonia

The country allocates 7 seats, of which 2 each to the People’s Party, Liberals, and Democrats, while 1 goes to Identity. The leading party is the conservative Isamaa with 21%.

Finland

In Finland, the conservative National Coalition Party wins with 24.8%. Of the 15 seats, 4 go to the People’s Party, 3 to the Left and Liberals, 2 to the Socialists and Greens, and 1 to the Conservatives.

France

The National Rally led by Marine Le Pen, under the new president Jordan Bardella, takes 31.5% and obtains 30 of the country’s 81 seats. For this reason, President Macron has called for early elections. Liberals and Socialists take 13 seats each, the Left 9, the People’s Party 6, and the Greens and Conservatives 5 each.

Germany

Germany has 96 seats. According to exit polls, the CDU, the right-wing People’s Party, wins with 30.2% and secures 30 seats. The second place with 15% is AfD, which obtains 15 seats, the Greens 12, the Socialists 18, the Liberals 6, the Conservatives 6, the Left 5, and non-affiliated 4.

Greece

In Greece, the Socialists win with 36%. Of the 21 seats, 7 go to the Democrats, 6 to the People’s Party, 4 to Identity, 3 to the Left, and 1 to the Greens.

Ireland

Ireland has 13 seats. Exit polls indicate that 6 go to the People’s Party, 3 each to the Liberals and Socialists, and 1 to Identity. The leading party is Fine Gael with 25%.

Lithuania

The leading party is the populist Democrats for Lithuania with 24%. Of the 12 seats, 3 go to the Conservatives, 3 to the People’s Party, 2 to the Socialists and Greens, 1 to the Liberals, and 1 to parties not affiliated with EU groups.

Luxembourg

The leading party is the populist Piratepartei. Luxembourg has 6 seats: 2 to the People’s Party, 2 to the Socialists, 1 to the Greens, and 1 to the Liberals.

Malta

Malta allocates 6 seats, which are divided as follows: 3 to the People’s Party, 2 to the Democrats, 1 to Identity. The leading party is the Labour Party with 39.8%.

Netherlands

The Netherlands has 29 seats. The leading party is the Social Democratic formation with 18.9%. According to exit polls, 7 seats go to the Democrats, 6 to the Liberals, 5 to the People’s Party and Greens, 4 to the Conservatives, 1 to Identity, and 1 to parties not affiliated with EU groups.

Poland

The leading party is the center-right Civic Platform with 38.7%. Poland has 52 seats: 14 to the People’s Party, 12 to the Conservatives, 10 to the Democrats, 6 to the Left, 4 to the Greens and Identity, and 2 to parties not yet affiliated with EU groups.

Portugal

In Portugal, the Social Democratic formation wins with 31%. Portugal has 21 seats: 8 to the Democrats, 6 to the People’s Party, 3 to the Greens, 2 to the Liberals and the Left.

Romania

In Romania, the liberal-conservative formation wins with 27%. Romania has 33 seats: 9 to the People’s Party, 7 to the Democrats, 6 to the Liberals, 5 to Identity, 3 to the Conservatives, and 3 to parties not affiliated with EU groups.

Spain

The leading party is the People’s Party with 34.18%. Spain has 59 seats: 20 to the People’s Party, 17 to the Democrats, 10 to the Liberals, 7 to the Left, and 5 to Identity.

Hungary

In Hungary, the right-wing formation wins with 54%. Hungary has 21 seats: 13 to the Conservatives, 3 to the People’s Party, 2 to the Left and Identity, and 1 to parties not yet affiliated with EU groups.

Sweden

The leading party is the conservative formation with 22.1%. Sweden has 21 seats: 6 to the People’s Party, 5 to the Democrats, 3 to the Greens, the Left, and the Liberals, 1 to Identity.

These results indicate a new political alignment in Europe, with the right and far-right strengthening in many countries.

Read also: 2024 is a year of decisive elections: where to look and what to expect

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