How to split savings in 6 effective steps

Oluwatoni Olujinmi

Saving money is an essential aspect of financial planning, but deciding how to allocate those savings can be a daunting task.

Whether you’re saving for short-term goals, long-term dreams, or simply want to have an emergency fund, it’s crucial to split your savings effectively. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you make the most of your hard-earned money.

Assess your financial goals

Before diving into the division of your savings, take a moment to outline your financial goals. Are you saving for a vacation, a new car, or a down payment on a house?

Or perhaps you’re looking towards retirement or building an emergency fund. By identifying your goals, you can allocate your savings more effectively.

Categorizing savings for clarity and purpose

Categorizing savings is an essential step in achieving financial clarity and ensuring that each penny saved serves a specific purpose. To start, one should first list down all their financial goals, including short-term goals, mid-term goals, and long-term. 

  • Short-term goals might include saving for a vacation, purchasing a new gadget, or creating an emergency fund for unforeseen expenses. The savings consist of the minimum amount you keep in your primary reserve account for emergencies as well as any money you have set aside for special costs that don’t fall under your normal spending plan;

  • Mid-time goals savings could be money you set aside to help you achieve your goals over the following few years. It could be funds you have set up for uses like deposits on loans for a new automobile or house. It also covers the funds you set away as a financial backup plan in case you have a prolonged spell of unemployment or illness. This money provides stability for you and aids in your goal-achieving;

  • Long-term goals, on the other hand, could encompass saving for a child’s education, buying a home, or preparing for retirement. By distinguishing between these goals, individuals can allocate their savings more effectively, ensuring that immediate needs don’t overshadow future aspirations.

Once the goals are outlined, it’s beneficial to set up separate savings accounts or financial instruments for each category. This segregation not only provides a clear view of where one stands concerning each goal but also reduces the temptation to dip into funds meant for another purpose.

For instance, having a dedicated account for emergency savings ensures that these funds remain untouched unless a genuine crisis arises. Regularly reviewing and adjusting these categories based on changing life circumstances or financial priorities further ensures that one’s savings strategy remains aligned with their evolving goals and aspirations. 

Establish separate accounts

Having many savings accounts can aid in preventing the misuse of funds intended for one aim. For instance, if all of your funds are in one place, money intended for an emergency reserve can unintentionally be spent on a trip.

Therefore, for clarity and organization’s sake, consider opening separate savings accounts for different goals. This way, you can easily track your improvement for each objective and avoid the temptation to dip into funds meant for another purpose.

Determine a fixed percentage for each Goal

Once you’ve prioritized your goals, allocate a specific percentage of your monthly savings toward each. For instance:

  • Emergency fund: 40%

  • Retirement: 30%

  • Vacation: 20%

  • New gadget: 10%

This is just an example, and the actual percentages will vary based on your priorities.

Maintaining a short time savings 

Maintaining short-term savings begins with setting a clear goal, like an upcoming vacation or an emergency fund. Decide on a target amount and time frame, then break it down into manageable weekly or monthly contributions.

Consider automating these transfers for consistency. Regularly monitor your progress, and if you find yourself off track, adjust your spending habits. Financial professionals advise that you should at least maintain $1,000 in emergency funds that you can access instantaneously.

Additionally, you should concentrate on returning the funds as quickly as you can so that you are prepared the next time a situation arises.

Consider Investing for long term goals

For long-term goals, especially those more than five years away, consider investing a portion of your savings. If you have investments like higher-yielding equities, bonds, or CDs, you can increase the amount of money you have available for these objectives.

Generally speaking, the return you obtain increases with the length of time you let your money develop. It’s also critical to remember that, if you find yourself in crisis and need to access this money, you might be able to do so from long-term investments and accounts, but doing so will incur fees and additional taxes.

Money management doesn’t have to be difficult

You can take charge of your money as you design your savings plans and create a stable future for your family and yourself. Financial literacy doesn’t have to be difficult or unpleasant.

Anyone may become a successful saver with the appropriate methods and regular monitoring of their cash. Splitting your savings effectively however requires a mix of careful planning, discipline, and regular review.

By following the steps outlined above, you can ensure that every dollar you save is working towards making your financial dreams a reality. Remember, the journey of saving is personal, so tailor your strategy to fit your unique goals and circumstances.

Read also: What is a financial portfolio: 5 points to understand it

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